A CTBT implementation Process in Panama to Forge Broader Partneships
Miguel González Marcos, Bernardo Fernández, Omayra Pérez
Universidad de Panamá
In regard to CTBT implementation, many factors can cause problems: from the absence of related laws, regulations, policies and programs that should be in place to facilitate CTBT implementation to outmoded bureaucratic practices that hinder the effective operation of the monitoring facilities. The leadership of the Station RN50 of the IMS in Panama wants to make sure that CTBT has a first-rate implementation to ensure the continuing operation of that Station in the years to come. To attain that result, the CTBT implementation must be a participatory, deliberative process inclusive of a variety of stakeholders to generate greater understanding of CTBT norms and contribute to an effective internalization of those norms. This proposal seeks to reflect on the following aspects of the CTBT implementation process as a way of forging broader partnerships for the CTBT goals:
• Who are the main stakeholders –from civil society, government, private sector, and academy- that should be involved in the CTBT implementation process to contribute to a sense of ownership of the CTBT mission and goals? Further, what are the elements of an advocacy plan for adopting legislation to implement CTBT that are participatory and inclusive?
• Is it desirable to develop and integrate human rights standards and practices into an effective CTBT implementation process? Should the linkage between human rights (e.g. right to life, right to a safe and healthy environment) and the ban on nuclear testing be brought into the foreground as a way of strengthening the CTBT implementation?
A CTBT implementation merely “on the books” would be not only insufficient, but rather dangerous: it would put the reliability of the whole CTBT monitoring system into question. So, on CTBT matters, effectiveness of the national laws, regulations, and practices is paramount. The chances for reaching that level of effectiveness increase when the CTBT implementation process opens up to the participation of an array of relevant stakeholders from civil society, government, academy, and private sector. It is expected that as a result of collaborative, long-term participation in the CTBT implementation process, institutional partnerships will be established, contributing thereby to the continuing operation of the RN50 Station of the IMS in the years to come.
Keywords: CTBT implementation process, RN50, Human Rights, Civil Society Participation and Treaty Implementation.